Though informatics nonetheless belongs to a few of the popular specializations chosen via candidates to look at universities, the Faculty of Informatics and Information Technologies of the Slovak University of Technology in Bratislava (FIIT STU) has needed to lower the number of college students it accepts for its observer programs.
The wide variety of spots to be had to first-12 months students dropped using 10 percentage ultimate yr and a further 30 percent this 12 months. One of the motives turned into the instructor to scholar ratio, explained FIIT STU’s Dean Mária Bieliková.
The school chose even though there was a danger it can obtain less cash to cowl salaries. Under the contemporary machine, schools receive funding based on the wide variety of students they are given. “But the danger that teachers will depart and we can be unable to comfortable the first-class of schooling for one of these high number of college students was an awful lot larger,” Bieliková advised The Slovak Spectator.
Representatives of the IT sector and academia warn that if the authorities do no longer change their attitude towards assisting IT training at faculties, Slovakia will soon lack teachers to educate new generations of professionals essential for the virtual transformation of society.
Thus, they decided to address the authorities, calling for converting the system of financing universities. Similar tries were made within the past, but none of them led to any tremendous exchange inside the gadget.
The zone of statistics and communication technologies (ICT) generates up to 6 percent of GDP. It contributes a sizeable amount of cash to the kingdom finances (eight.6 percentage of the whole taxes paid through corporate entities).
The facts additionally confirm that human beings working within the quarter earn the very best salaries (€1,636 on average in May 2017) and belong to some of the most popular occupations in the labor market.
Currently, extra than 35,000 professionals paintings inside the ICT area simultaneously as a further 10,000 paintings in different sectors. However, the hassle is that about 10,000 professionals lack in the labor market, which may not enhance in the upcoming years. Conversely, the distance will increase the handiest growth, warned Mário Lelovský, former chairperson of the organization IT Association of Slovakia (ITAS).
“There is a hazard that if our companies are not sufficiently prepared for adjustments, we will not come to be part of the European supplier-client chain, and the Slovak financial system will notably lag inside the European area,” Lelovský stated. Lack of specialists demanding situations ICT zone
Education faces issues
Though applicants for studies nonetheless show interest in informatics and employers are trying to find graduates from those specializations, the faculties conflict with a loss of instructors. The hassle is so amazing that the training gadget at several faculties may want to fall apart without adjustments, said Robert Redhammer, STU rector.
“Slovakia desires to make investments a great deal extra into informatics teachers if we need to be an economically and socially developed u. S .,” Redhammer introduced, stressing that we can need many experts who understand the new technologies and can help maintain Slovak production in the worldwide markets.
Also, Bieliková admits that although their teachers nevertheless desire to train destiny IT experts, if the state of affairs with financing and their remuneration does not trade, they will depart for the personal sphere.
Though we do not see any troubles proper, as there is still a strong era of economically lively people, it is viable that during about 10 years now and would replace them as there wouldn’t be everyone to teach the subsequent generation, she added.
“If nothing is executed, we may additionally have a 2nd Detroit in Slovakia,” Bieliková said.
Financing needs to trade
Representatives of the IT quarter, academia, and employers have consequently grown to become to the government to trade how the united states of America price range universities in a way that investment depends no longer only on the academic quality of the college and the numerous schools, however additionally the demand for his or her graduates inside the financial system and society.
Moreover, it wishes the authorities to allocate an additional price range vital for the education of graduates within the quarter that belongs to the maximum wanted inside the labor marketplace.
“Both adjustments will permit the colleges with the maximum required and maximum wanted graduates to increase their educational capacities and hire sufficient certified and appropriately paid teachers,” reads their joint declaration. Slovakia lacks some 10,000 IT experts, the situation is worsening
The trouble ITAS factors pertain to the system of remunerating personnel carrying out work inside the public interest. Though the beginning salaries are not best, the Education Ministry guarantees to grow them inside the future, stated its spokesperson Ivana Skokanová.
“The ministry is likewise open to the possibility that the general public universities can set their own earnings tables, which, but, changed into antagonistic utilizing representatives of employers within the past,” she advised The Slovak Spectator.
As for the price range for universities, she referred to the possibility of requesting subsidies for improvement. In 2016, for example, schools had been given the possibility to submit initiatives searching for the help of IT programs and colleges in 2017. However, not one in all of them used this possibility and selected different initiatives, Skokanová said.
Since several specializations declare they lack specialists, the ministry plans to offer the subsidies once more this yr.
Not the primary call
The name to trade the machine of financing college schooling isn’t always new. The contemporary machine becomes set through the program Millenium a few 15-two decades in the past.
“The major message and policy of this program become to boom the number of students at universities, wherein we succeeded,” Redhammer advised The Slovak Spectator.
Yet the situation has changed on account of that then. The gadget does no longer replicate the desires of the labor marketplace, however alternatively, the demands of secondary college graduates for his or her further education, he delivered.
The Education Ministry confirms it regularly gets proposals from schools to increase the coefficient used whilst distributing state cash. Still, ad hoc adjustments might be non-systemic, and they may damage the whole system, Skokanová stated.